Commonly Abused Substances and Their Effects

Throughout the world, individuals are suffering from substance abuse and addiction. Addiction can be difficult to pinpoint if you do not know the signs, which can vary from person to person.

Common signs of substance abuse include obsessing over acquiring and using the substance, disregard of harm that is caused to loved ones and themselves, denial of addiction, hiding use of the substance, weight loss, insomnia, experiencing withdrawal symptoms, and more. What are some commonly abused substances and what effects do they have on your loved one?

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Benzodiazepines are prescription medications that are often used in the treatment of insomnia, anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, seizures, and various other conditions. They are widely prescribed and are available in the form of pills, syrups, capsules, and even injectable liquids. This sedative can cause dizziness, depression, confusion, headaches, impair coordination, vision problems, grogginess, trembling, and more.


Cocaine is a stimulant that is often in the form of a white powder. It can be injected, snorted, or smoked. The effects of the drug can last anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours, though side effects can last much longer. Individuals abusing cocaine may experience restlessness, paranoia, anxiety, dilated pupils, increased energy, feelings of euphoria or invincibility, excited speech, and more.


Alcohol is a legal substance that many individuals do not consider a drug simply because it is widely available. However, alcohol abuse renders negative effects and behavioral changes much like other substances and has a few of its own unique effects, such as blackouts, gastritis, legal problems.

Benzodiazepines, cocaine, and alcohol are all commonly abused substances. If you believe that your loved one is dealing with addiction, seek professional help and guidance at substance abuse treatment programs gulfport. There are several options for recovery that may be available to help your loved one beat their addiction.